MBTI and 16 Personalities

Katharine Briggs and Isabel Myers developed MBTI assessment also they created sixteen types of personality. Briggs and Myers wanted to assist people in discovering their strengths and understand that people differ, and because of this reason, they created a personality typology. 

MBTI and 16 Personalities

After you’ll know what personality type you have, you’ll have a clear understanding of why you do certain things. After that, you’ll be more confident and make better decisions for yourself that’ll suit your nature.

This MBTI assessment developed for the general public, and it gives importance to natural differences. “MBTI assumes that we all possess certain preferences in the ways we see our own experiences and thus, these principles around our needs, interests, motivation, and value.”

Concept

Psychological theories for, sure, resemble the MBTI which, is categorized as pseudoscience, mainly related to predictive abilities. An indicator exhibits significant scientific (psychometric) deficiencies. However, it has poor validity, which means that it doesn’t measure what it’s supposed to measure it can’t predict. It also doesn’t have any items that could be generalized, its reliability is also poor it gives varying results on different occasions to the same person, it measures categories which aren’t independent few dichotomous qualities noted so that it could relate with one another, it’s even not comprehensive (because neuroticism is missing). The four scales used in the MBTI use four scales that do possess correlation with four Big Five personality traits; these are generally accepted frameworks.

The MBTI manual mentions that “the indicator was designed in such a manner that it implements a theory; thus, to understand MBTI, this theory also needs to be understood. Jung said, talked about the presence of two dichotomous pairs of cognitive functions: 

“Rational” (i.e., to judge) functions: feeling and thinking. 

“Irrational” (i.e., go perceive) functions intuition and sensation. 

Jung believed that applies to everyone and every function, mainly expressed in extroverted or introverted form. On Jung’s original concepts, Myers and Briggs developed a theory based on Jung’s concepts, the theory was psychological, which is given below, and MBTI is based on that. Hans Eysenck, a psychologist called MBTI Jung’s principles’ quantification as stated in the Psychological Types, he even mentioned, “MBTI builds 16 distinct personality types that are strikingly similar to theoretical concepts of Jung. However, I find it troublesome with this identification, which leaves half of the Jung (Jung had thirty-two types, for each combination of consciousness there’s unconscious that’s the opposite). The other half part of his theory does not agree with the questionnaire measurement. And it has pretended that it scales the concepts of Jung which is not fair, “however, in any condition both the models – Briggs- Myers Variation or original concept of Jung – are hypothetical.

 About sixteen Personality Types

A system to categorize people according to their aptness to act and think in a certain way is called personality typing. It tries to find the most important and broadest ways people are different from each other and then sorts people into appropriate groups. 

Personality typing- What is it?

Whatever has described personality types here is made by Isabel Briggs Myers as well as Katharine Briggs, who’s her mother around the 1960s. This theory by them was based on Carl Jung’s works, who’s a psychologist; however, his ideas have been extended, and they have created a complete personality typing framework. According to Briggs and Myers, four dimensions to put people in categories can be used:

  • Judging vs. Perceiving 
  • Thinking vs. Feeling
  • Introversion vs. Extraversion
  • Sensing vs. Intuition

Every four dimensions stated as a dichotomy or an option between 2 styles. Briggs and Myers noted this to be “preference” and said that people should identify a form on every four dimensions. Personality type thus is the totality of 4 preferred styles sum of a person’s four preferred styles. 

According to Briggs and Myers’s preferences, every four dimensions will merge and it’ll create patterns.  Those are predictable in behavior and thought. In a manner that people having the same four preferences will have commonalities regarding their approach in life, the hobbies they select that could suit them might also be the same. 

What do the four letters in personality type mean? 

Every letter in personality type is for preference in the style of behaving or thinking. 

E/I: Extraversion or Introversion

The Extraversion/Introversion dimension tells how someone manages his/her energy.

Introverts are filled with energy because they spend their time alone or in small groups. They are more thoughtful and reserved.

Extraverts are filled with energy by being busy and spending time with people and staying active. They are more outspoken and expressive. 

 

N/S: Intuition or Sensing

The Intuition/Sensing dimension tells how someone processes information. 

Sensors are there to focus on five senses; they are focused on information that they can directly feel, hear, see, etc. They are described as “practical” and are hands-on learners. 

Intuitive tend to focus on thinking on abstract levels; they’re interested in explanations, patterns, and theories. They’re worried about the future rather than the present and are termed as “creative.”

 

F/T: Feeling or Thinking 

The Feeling/Thinking dimension tells how someone makes decisions.

Thinkers use their heads to make decisions; they find the most reasonable and logical choices.

Feelers use their heart to make decisions; how a decision affects people is what concerns them, and if it goes along with the values of those people or not. 

 

P/J: Perceiving or Judging

The Perceiving/judging dimension tells how someone approaches the structures in life. 

Judgers like order and structure; they like to plan things out, and changes at the last moment irritate them. 

Perceivers are spontaneous and flexible; they like to leave open things up so that their minds can be changed.

 

 How will I know my personality type?

Just click on the link given below and take your personality type test http://www.16personalities.com/free-personality.